Ge 101 Syllabus (revised 11/1/2012)

 

Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry

 

Fall 2012

 

Professor: Paul Asimow (253 Arms; asimow@gps; x4133).

 

Teaching Assistant: Claire Thomas (258 Arms; cwaller@gps; x6482)

 

Lecture Times:    11:00 – 11:55 AM Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday; 251 Arms

 

Lab Times: 5:30 PM - 8:30 PM, Mondays by announcement (not every week); 267 Arms

 

Field Trip: Friday October 26, noon – Sunday October 28, about 7 PM. The field trip is an important part of the class and is required. If you canユt make it, you must make special arrangements with Prof. Asimow.

Required Texts:

Understanding Earth, 6th edition, Grotzinger & Jordan, (2010, Freeman)

Geochemistry, an Introduction, 2nd edition, Albar重e (2009, Cambridge)

 

Class Website: http://www.asimow.com/Ge101.html is used for posting lecture notes in powerpoint format, distributing problems sets, updating the syllabus, and sundry other uses.

 

Syllabus:

 

WEEK 1: 10/1, 10/2, 10/3, 10/4

 

         0. Logistics

         1a. Geologic time, plate tectonics

         1b. Geodynamic settings of major rock suites

         2a. Igneous classification, mid-ocean ridges

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapters 1, 2, 4, 8; Albar重e, chapter 8

 

WEEK 2: 10/8, 10/9, 10/10 (Claire), 10/11 (Claire)

 

         10/8 Quiz: The geologic timescale

         10/8 Lab 1: GIS, in NM 309; TIME TO BE DETERMINED at OM (due Monday 10/15)

 

         2b. Hot spots

         3. Subduction and volcanology

         4. Chemical thermodynamics: melting, major elements, mineralogy

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan chapters 3, 6, 12; Albar重e, Appendix C

 

WEEK 3: 10/15, 10/16, 10/17, 10/18  (Friday 10/19 is メADD DAYモ)

 

         10/17 Lab 2l TIME TO BE DETERMINED: Analytical techniques for mineral identification (Due Friday 10/26)

 

         5. Structural geology

         6. Geomorphology

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapters 7, 13, 22

 

WEEK 4: 10/22, 10/23, 10/24, 10/25

 

         10/22 Lab 2 (roundup)

         10/26 Friday Noon – 10/28 Sunday 7:00 PM: FIELD TRIP to Owens Valley (WooHoo!)

 

         Problem Set 1: Structural geology and geomorphology (due Wednesday 11/7)

 

         7. Orogeny, continental dynamics, and regional metamorphism

         8a. Stratigraphy and paleomagnetism

         8b. Introduction to California Geology, Field Trip prep

        

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapters 10, 14, 21

 

WEEK 5: 10/29, 10/30, 10/31, 11/1

 

         10/29 Lab time for collective work on Problem Set 1

        

         9. Chemical and physical weathering, sedimentary rocks

         10. Cosmochemistry: origin of nuclei, solar system, and Earth

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapters 5, 16, 18, 19

 

WEEK 6: 11/5, 11/6, 11/7, 11/8

 

         Problem Set 2: Nuclear chemistry, thermodynamics, phase diagrams (due 11/14)

 

         11. Geochemical classification of elements and gross differentiation of Earth

         12. Radioactivity

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapter 9; Albar重e, chapters 1, 7, 9, 10 (see also Langmuir & Broecker, How to Build a Habitable Planet)

 

WEEK 7: 11/12, 11/13, 11/14, 11/15

 

         Problem Set 3: Radioactivity and differentiation (due 11/21)

        

         13. Origin of hydrosphere and atmosphere, box model concepts

         14. Stable isotopes, climate, hydrologic cycle

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapter 11, 15, 17; Albar重e, chapters 2, 3, 5

 

WEEK 8: 11/19, 11/20, 11/21, (Wednesday 11/21 is メDROP DAYモ; Thursday 11/22 is Thanksgiving holiday)

 

         Problem Set 4: Stable isotopes and paleoclimate (due 11/28)

          

         15. Ocean chemistry

         16. Atmospheric chemistry

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapter 23; Albar重e, chapters 4, 6

 

WEEK 9: 11/26, 11/27, 11/28, 11/29

 

         Problem Set 5: Box models, mixing theory, chemical oceanography (due 12/5; if you are going to AGU you may submit electronically to Claire)

 

         18. Chemical geodynamics: lithophile trace elements and isotopes

         19. Chemical geodynamics: noble gases

 

         Reading: Grotzinger & Jordan, chapter 20, Albar重e, chapter 8 again

 

WEEK 10: No lectures – AGU Fall Meeting is December 3 to 7

        

         Exam available Friday 12/7, due by Noon Friday 12/14 at Caltech (electronic submission acceptable if you are leaving town after AGU).

         Here are the exam review questions.

 

Grading:

 

Problem Sets and Labs 60%

Final Exam 30%

Field Trip Report 10%

Late work policy: Scores decay exponentially after the due date, with a half-life of two days (unless excused).